"This just in! The dead from New Orleans cemetaries are rising up and eating the living! Trust me, Im the media!"
But the accounts turned out to be grim fairy tales. They were also hardly harmless sensationalism – if there be such a thing; because of them people suffered and apparently died.
Among the horrors that never happened:
- Editor & Publisher headlined an article, "Mortuary Director Tells Local Paper 40,000 Could Be Lost in Hurricane," while the French paper Liberation ran a detailed report on 1,200 people drowning in a single school.
- CNN claimed snipers were taking potshots at helicopters trying to evacuate patients from hospitals, while separately CNN host Paula Zahn breathlessly spoke of "reports" of "bands of rapists, going block to block."
- To be fair and balanced, we note that Fox Newss Geraldo Rivera claimed from the scene that "Yesterday the sun set on a scene of terror, chaos, confusion, anarchy, violence, rapes, murders, dead babies, dead people."
- Oprah Winfreys special report from New Orleans was wall-to-wall hysteria. Mayor Ray Nagin told her "They have people standing out there, have been in that frickin Superdome for five days watching dead bodies, watching hooligans killing people, raping people." Police Chief Eddie Compass (since resigned) added that "little babies [are] getting raped."
Winfrey herself, knowing how trusting (or gullible) her audience is, told them that in the Superdome "gangs banded together and had more ammunition, at times, than the police."
If all of this sounds like something from a post-apocalyptic zombie movie, thats pretty much what it was said by professional black rabble-rouser Randall Robinson. Four days after the storm "thousands of blacks in New Orleans are dying like dogs," he wrote, and "have begun eating corpses to survive." Just four days and already feasting on your friends?
Numerous articles since then have revealed theres no evidence any of the above took place. The death toll for all of Louisiana, which is rather bigger than just New Orleans, appears to be about 1,000.
Yet for all of the talk about violent deaths that never materialized, it appears that the talk itself led to real deaths.
For example, efforts to evacuate by helicopter some of the 200 patients at New Orleans Charity Hospital were halted for a day because of reports of sniper fire. According to CNNs Dr. Sanjay Gupta, two patients died awaiting evacuation. "The inability to get people out of these hospitals is frightening," he said.
Could he have known false reporting from his own employer had contributed to this nightmare?
The evacuation of the Superdome, where conditions may not have been as bad as described but were bad enough, was also halted because of unconfirmed reports of shooting at military helicopters.
Media-spread false reports of sniping prevented emergency evacuations and people died.
As to the military (active and Guard), the only heroes to come out of the debacle, the fast-flying rumors forced them to launch combat operations before switching to rescue mode. They also had to wear heavy body armor in terrific heat, which I know from experience slows you down in those conditions. Regardless that they werent really noshing on their neighbors, the last thing stranded residents needed was hampered rescuers.
Nagin also ordered virtually the entire police force to abandon search-and-rescue efforts in order to stop the non-existent "roving bands." Turns out some of the worst criminals were his own police, but even New Orleans not-so-finest werent killing or raping.
Pres. Roosevelts famous statement that "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself," was certainly an overgeneralization. But those trusted to relay the most accurate information available as opposed to the most grabbing must realize that fear can hurt and fear can kill.
Read Michael Fumentos additional work on the media.